Dynamically reconfigurable high-efficiency terahertz metasurface holograms
Center for Terahertz Waves and College of Precision Instrument and Optoelectronics Engineering, Tianjin University and the Key Laboratory of Optoelectronics Information and Technology (Ministry of Education), Tianjin 300072, PR China
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Accepted: 16 December 2020
Published online: 22 January 2021
A reflective, dynamically reconfigurable, high-efficiency metasurface holographic scheme is presented in this paper, which is realized by pumping thin gallium arsenide wafers with a structured femtosecond laser. When the terahertz (THz) passes through the gallium arsenide wafer (GaAs), the pattern carried by the pump light is converted into the complex permittivity of the light carrier density distribution on the gallium arsenide wafer, which modulates the wafer, thereby changing the transmittance of the THz wave. The wavefront of the THz beam is determined by changing the shape and direction of the projected resonator on the DMD by Pancharatnam-Berry (P-B) phase principle. The numerical simulation results show that different holograms can be obtained by dynamically switching the projection on the DMD, and the orthogonal conversion efficiency of circularly polarized light can reach 90%. The holographic scheme proposed in this paper is convenient and fast and may advance the real-time dynamic conversion and dynamic display of holograms.
Key words: Terahertz / metasurface / holograms / P-B phase
© M. Hu and Z. Tian, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.