Metasurface virtual absorbers: unveiling operative conditions through equivalent lumped circuit model
Department of Engineering, ROMA TRE University, Via Vito Volterra 62, Rome 00146, Italy
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Accepted: 20 December 2020
Published online: 22 January 2021
Virtual absorption concept has been recently introduced as a new phenomenon observed in electromagnetics and optics consisting of theoretically unlimited accumulation of energy within a finite volume of material without dissipation. The anomalous behaviour is achieved by engaging the complex zero scattering eigenmodes of the virtual absorbing system by illuminating it with a proper complex frequency ω = ω r + jω i , whose value is strictly determined by the system characteristics. In this paper, we investigate on the position of the zero-pole scattering pairs in the complex frequency plane as a function of the input impedance of the metasurface-based lossless virtual absorber. We analytically derive the conditions under which a properly modulated monochromatic plane wave can be virtually absorbed by the system and stored within its volume. The analysis is developed by modelling the propagation of a normally impinging plane wave through its equivalent transmission line model terminated in an arbitrary reactive load, which in turn models the input impedance of the metasurface-based system under consideration. The study allows to determine a priori whether the metasurface-based system can support the virtual absorption or not by evaluating the time-constant from its equivalent circuit.
Key words: Virtual perfect matching / time-varying signal / complex frequency / virtual absorption
© A.V. Marini et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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