Wideband RCS reduction of thin metallic edges mediated by spoof surface plasmon polaritons
Department of Basic Sciences, Air Force Engineering University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710051, PR China
2 School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049, PR China
Accepted: 25 December 2020
Published online: 8 February 2021
The back-scattering from front edge diffraction contributes significantly to mono-static radar cross section under TE-polarization when the specular reflection of an object is eliminated by elaborate shaping. With the aim to suppress the back-scattering of thin metallic edge, we propose to achieve wideband radar cross section (RCS) reduction by integrating an absorbing structure (AS) in front of the edge. The unit cell of AS is composed of a longitudinal array of metallic strips with linearly decreasing lengths. Under TE-polarized illumination, spoof surface plasmon polariton (SSPP) can be excited with high efficiency. Due to the deep-subwavelength property of SSPP, electromagnetic waves are highly confined around the AS, leading to strong local field enhancement and hence to wideband absorption. In this way, back-scattering of the edge is suppressed and the mono-static RCS can be reduced significantly over wide band. To verify this method, we designed, fabricated and measured a prototype. The results of both simulation and measurement indicate that our proposal can significantly suppress edge scattering, whose RCS reduction more than 10 dB achieves at range of 8.8–17.8 GHz under TE polarization. This work provides a new alternative of suppressing edge diffraction and may find applications in electromagnetic compatibility, radar stealth, etc.
Key words: Edge diffraction / radar cross section reduction / radar absorbing structure / spoof surface plasmon polaritons
© X. Li et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.