Dual-polarized antenna design integrated with metasurface and partially reflective surface for 5G communication
Key Laboratory of High Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi'an 710071, PR China
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Accepted: 5 August 2020
Published online: 8 September 2020
A design of electrical down-tilt dual-polarized base station antenna array (BSAA) for 5G communication applications is presented in this paper, which is realized by integrating with reconfigurable reflective metasurface and partially reflective surface (PRS). By controlling the varactor diodes which are inserted into the reflective elements, we can adjust the mainlobe direction of BSAA. Moreover, the PRS over the array is utilized to construct Fabry-Perot (FP) cavity with reflective metasurface and ground plane. Based on this design approach, a 1 × 6 dual-polarized BSAA operating from 3.4 GHz to 3.6 GHz is designed and fabricated. Simulated and measured results show that the gain is enhanced about 2.56 dB by PRS while side lobe level (SLL) is less than −20 dB. The mainlobe of the antenna array can be adjusted accurately within ±5° for beam down-tilt. The cross polarization discrimination (XPD) is less than −40 dB.
Key words: Metasurface / partially reflective surface / electrical down-tilt / base station antenna / Fabry-Perot cavity
© Z. Li et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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