Balanced gain for a square metaloop antenna
Science and Engineering, Hosei University, Koganei, Tokyo, Japan
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Accepted: 3 December 2018
Published online: 18 January 2019
A square loop antenna implemented using a metamaterial line, referred to as a metaloop, is discussed. The metaloop radiates a counter circularly polarized (CP) broadside beam when the loop circumference equals one guided wavelength. The frequency response of the gain shows two different maximum values: gain G Lmax for a left-handed CP wave at frequency fGLmax and gain GRmax for a right-handed CP wave at frequency fGRmax, where GLmax is smaller than GRmax. In order to increase GLmax, while not affecting the original GRmax as much as possible (i.e. balance the gain), a parasitic natural conducting loop (paraloop), whose circumference is one free-space wavelength at fGLmax, is placed at height Hpara above the metaloop. It is found that the difference in the gains can be reduced by choosing an appropriate Hpara. The radiation pattern at fGLmax is narrowed by the paraloop, while the VSWR is not remarkably affected.
Key words: Square metaloop antenna / circularly polarized radiation / gain balance
© H. Nakano et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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