Enhancement of inductance along metallic mesh wires in three-dimensional quasi-isotropic metamaterials using high-ε dielectric particles for impedance-matching with free space
Electrical Engineering and Electronics, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan
2 Electrical Engineering Department, University of California, Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90095-1594, USA
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Accepted: 11 October 2019
Published online: 11 November 2019
In this paper, we consider cube-shaped unit cells including high-ε dielectric cubes under magnetic dipole-like resonance placed at the center and metallic mesh wires for negative permittivity to construct three-dimensional quasi-isotropic metamaterials in the microwave region. Basically, such structures suffer from their low wave impedance due to inclusion of high-ε materials. To reduce effective permittivity of the composite structures, we propose to insert additional inductance into the metallic mesh. For the insertion of lumped inductors along the wires, dispersion diagram and the Bloch-impedance are numerically estimated, and converted to effective permittivity and permeability. The numerical simulation results clearly show almost 3-D isotropic propagation characteristics in a specific frequency region and enhancement of the Bloch-impedance close to free space in the left-handed region. The lumped inductors are replaced by meander-line strip patterns for practical configurations. The metallic patterned structures also achieve the enhanced Bloch impedance that is well-matched to free space.
Key words: Metamaterials / negative-refractive-index / dielectric cubes / impedance matching
© T. Yamaguchi et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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